Nigeria – The Niger Delta Basin

Niger Delta Basin pic
Niger Delta Basin
Image: ambitenergycorp.com

The Niger Delta Basin is an important part of Nigeria’s natural beauty and resource wealth, and companies like Ambit Energy Corporation are working to help the nation discover and produce oil and gas from that region of the country. Ambit Energy Corporation maintains an active interest in the Niger Delta Basin for its proven reserves, which constitute an estimated 34 billion barrels of oil.

Basins are large areas of the Earth that form a depression. They can be above- or underground and are created by a variety of natural processes, including earthquakes and erosion. Several types of basins exist, but the Niger Delta Basin in particular falls under the “structural basin” category.

Structural basins occur when tectonic plates move, causing some rocks to fall and others to rise, eventually creating a basin. Within the category of structural basins are sub-categories like sedimentary and lake basins. The Niger Delta Basin falls into the former.

Sedimentary basins look less like bowls and more like long trenches, and over the eons, those trenches tend to collect organic and inorganic matter. The organic matter eventually develops into petroleum and natural gas, making sedimentary basins a key source of wealth in nations like Nigeria.

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Tens of Millions of Nigerians Lack Access to Clean Water

WaterAid pic
WaterAid
Image: wateraid.org

Headquartered in Canada, Ambit Energy Corporation focuses on high-potential oil and gas projects in Nigeria. Committed to the communities in which it operates, Ambit Energy Corporation also works to improve Nigerians’ access to potable drinking water. According to statistics from WaterAid Nigeria, a UK-based charitable organization, over 63 million Nigerians lack access to safe water.

Together with nongovernmental agencies, the Nigerian government has made efforts to deliver clean drinking water to Nigerian citizens. Despite these efforts, many Nigerians still rely on water from wells or boreholes. In some cases, this water may contain harmful heavy minerals, such as lead, arsenic, cadmium, and others.

In addition to lacking safe drinking water, two-thirds of the Nigerian population, or more than 112 million citizens, do not have adequate sanitation available to them. The widespread lack of safe water and sanitation results in the death of in excess of 97,000 Nigerian children each year.